Pre-Active Phase of Teaching

Pre-Active Phase of Teaching: The pre-active phase of teaching is when teachers plan and prepare before teaching their lesson. They figure out what their students already know, what they need to learn, and how they can teach them. Teachers set goals for what they want their students to achieve and plan how to teach them. … Read more

Pre-Active Phase of Learning

The pre-active phase of learning refers to the stage in the learning process where the individual is preparing themselves to learn new information or skills. This phase typically involves the individual setting goals, establishing motivation and interest, and creating a positive learning environment. INTRODUCTION The pre-active phase of learning is the initial stage in the … Read more

Gender Identity and Role of Family & Media

Gender Identity and Role of Family: Gender identity refers to a person’s subjective and deeply felt sense of their own gender, which may or may not align with the sex they were assigned at birth. Gender identity can influence how a person sees themselves, how they relate to others, and how they express themselves. It … Read more

Factors Affecting Learning and Their Implications

Factors Affecting Learning: There are several factors that can affect learning, including cognitive, social, emotional, and environmental factors. Understanding these factors and their implications is crucial for designing effective classroom instruction. Question: What are the Factors affecting learning and their implications for: (i) Designing classroom instructions, (ii) Planning student activities and, (iii) Creating learning spaces … Read more

Women’s Studies to Gender Studies Paradigm

Women’s Studies to Gender Studies: The shift from Women’s Studies to Gender Studies in India represents a paradigm shift in how we view gender and its role in society. Women’s Studies emerged in India in the 1970s, as part of the larger feminist movement. At that time, the focus was primarily on women’s experiences. The … Read more

Peer Tutoring as a Pedagogical Strategy

Peer Tutoring as a Pedagogical Strategy: Peer tutoring is a pedagogical strategy in which students work in pairs or small groups to teach and learn from one another. It is an effective way to respond to the individual needs of learners in the classroom because it allows for personalized instruction and encourages collaboration among students. … Read more

Inclusive School and its Characteristics

Inclusive School and its Characteristics: An inclusive school is a school that promotes diversity, equality, and inclusion by accommodating and meeting the diverse learning needs of all students, regardless of their background, abilities, disabilities, or other differences. Concept Of Inclusive School It focuses on creating a welcoming and supportive environment where every student feels valued, … Read more

Special Educational Needs of Learners (SEN)

Special Educational Needs of Learners (SEN) is a term used to describe students who require extra support and assistance in their education due to a disability, learning difficulty, or any other condition that affects their ability to learn. Students with SEN may have a range of disabilities, such as physical, sensory, cognitive, or emotional. INTRODUCTION … Read more

Social Learning Theory Bandura, Implications, Criticisms, Vygotsky vs Bandura

Social Learning Theory Bandura: Albert Bandura’s Social Learning Theory proposes that people learn through observation, modeling, and imitation of others, as well as through direct experience. This theory emphasizes the importance of social and environmental factors in shaping behavior, as opposed to purely biological or individual factors. (Note: It is useful for Child Development and … Read more

School Awareness and Readiness Notes for B.Ed

School awareness and readiness refer to a child’s preparedness and understanding of what to expect when starting formal education. It includes a range of skills and knowledge that a child should have to succeed academically, socially, and emotionally in a school setting. School Awareness and Readiness (Introduction) Inclusive education is becoming very popular nowadays, due … Read more

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