Here we present to you another useful article on Adolescents’ Stress and Role of Teacher to resolve them. In this article, we will be discussing Adolescents’ Stress and The Role of The Teacher to resolve it. This topic is very important for B.Ed, CTET, and other teaching-related programs. At the end of this article, you will be able to understand the kind of Adolescents’ Stress and the Role of Teacher to resolve.
- The children belonging to the developmental stage of adolescence are known as adolescents.
- The word ‘adolescence’ comes from the Latin word ‘adolescere’ which means ‘to grow’.
- Adolescence represents a period or stage of intensive growth and changes in nearly all aspects of a child’s physical, mental, social, intellectual, moral, sexual, and emotional life.
- It is the period of the heightening of all emotions like anxiety, fear, anger, and love, etc.
- This stage also includes social relationships and contacts and children in this stage the child becomes sex conscious.
- Technically, a child is described as an adolescent when he achieves puberty, that is when he has become sexually mature to the point, where he is able to reproduce his own kind.
Stress generating factors in adolescents:
During this age and the rapid growth in all aspects of adolescents’ life, they may be found to be inflicted with a number of problems and stresses. Let us have a look at those factors:
1. Perplexity with Regard to Somatic Variation:
Every adolescent has a more or less difficult task of adjusting to somatic or bodily changes which may occur during or after puberty. These bodily changes, like menstrual cycles in girls and seminal discharge in boys, cause stress in adolescents.
2. Intensification of Self-awareness:
During this age, adolescents develop self-consciousness. Generally, there is a strong desire in adolescents that their bodily changes, dresses, make-up, manner of talking, etc. should be notices by others. They want to be the center of attraction for the opposite sex and his abilities, intelligence and capacities should be noticed by the peer group and others. Thus these expectations of theirs cause behavioral problems and stress in them.
3. Intensification of Sex-Consciousness:
Many problems in the adolescents are caused by sudden changes or functioning of their glands, secretion of sex hormones, and awakening of the strong sex instinct.
4. Independence v/s dependence:
This stage comes after childhood and before adulthood hence adolescents feel stuck in between. They have to behave childishly and need care as well as they want to show themselves strong and mature.
5. Peer group relationship:
Peer group relationship plays a substantial role in the life of an adolescent. During this stage, adolescents are directed by the standard and norms of their peer groups and pay the least attention towards their parents. They don’t want to be ignored or rejected and here the difficulty or stress arises.
6. Idealism v/s realism:
During this stage, adolescents start thinking more rationally and try to find aims and ideals. In search of idealism, they go away from realism.
7. Vocational choices and need of self-support:
The adolescent’s strong desire is to achieve self-sufficiency and make himself quite independent like an adult member of society. He is also required to be prepared for the vocations which he wants to adopt. In short, emotional instability, lack of experience, and immaturity proved to be an obstacle in their making the right choices.
Current issues related to Adolescents’ Stress:
There are some issues which lead to stress in adolescents which are as follows-
A. Increasing Loneliness:
Adolescents of the modern age are facing a new emerging problem in the name of increasing loneliness. As a result, they find them all alone for coping with their environmental needs and the stress including situations of one or the other kind.
Reasons behind their loneliness:
- Nuclear family settings.
- Working parents.
- Social and environmental cut-off.
- Both of the parents remain out of home for work.
- Parents’ lifestyles do not permit them to look after their children.
- Formal teacher-student relationships.
- Self-centered friendships.
- No proper guidance and counseling services.
Consequences and impacts of loneliness:
- Children may develop symptoms of mental illness.
- Chances are high that the children may be detached from social, educational, and cultural fields.
- They may develop a negative attitude towards parents.
- Children may develop bad habits in themselves.
- They may engage in wrongful acts.
- Children may also develop a timid, shy, cowardice, and unpleasant personality.
B. Changing family structure:
Change in family structure also cause stress in adolescents, some of the reasons are as follows-
- Shift from a combined family system to the nuclear family system.
- The influence of modernization is a big reason behind the change in family structure.
- Also, the spread of awareness about the two-child policy makes people believe in population control.
- Collective responsibility has turned into an independent responsibility.
- Due to nuclear families, adolescents do not have anyone from Dada-Dadi, Chacha-Chachi, Bua-Fufa, etc to support.
- There is a lack of valuable support and guidance from the elderly.
- Hence in the nuclear family, there are fewer chances to get together and interacting with the members of the family.
C. Rising Permissiveness:
Permissiveness is a situation in which behaviors that some people may disapprove of is allowed. In other words, permissiveness is the habit or characteristic accepting or tolerant of something as a social behavior that others might disapprove or forbid.
- Rapid industrialization and urbanization, have forced parents to engage in service.
- Rising prices and demands of struggling for earning livelihood patterns.
- Parents pay no proper attention to their children.
- Over-westernized parents spend their time enjoying the lust.
- Parents provide a number of undue privileges to their children.
- The emergence of nuclear families is also responsible for rising permissiveness.
- Teachers have also adopted permissive attitudes.
- It has given them boundless freedom to spend their time and energy in useless or harmful activities.
- It has resulted in picking up unhealthy and improper living habits such as late sleeping, late rising, consumption of junk, and unhealthy food.
- Increased possibilities of confrontation and conflicts of adolescents with their peers and teachers etc.
- Adolescents fall prey to unsocial, immoral, and problematic behavior.
- They may develop a pressure of showing themselves superior to others.
- They may develop unhealthy and improper living habits.
- Freedom to spend time is a useless and harmful activity.
Adolescents’ stress and the role of the teacher to resolve it:
1. To have proper knowledge of adolescents psychology:
The stage adolescence is a bridge between childhood and adulthood, thus it is essential for the teachers to have proper knowledge of adolescents’ psychology.
2. Providing suitable environment for proper growth:
A suitable environment must be provided to adolescents for their proper growth and development. Therefore all the necessary facilities should be provided to adolescents.
3. Rendering proper sex education:
Adolescents should be made aware of their bodily changes. Girls should be made aware of the menstrual cycle. Similarly, boys should be made aware of the seminal discharge.
4. Proper dealing with the adolescents:
The things should be made easy between adolescents and elders. In conclusion, conflicts may arise due to the generation gap and they should properly be handled. Teachers should realize that the demands of the students are important.
5. Training of emotions and satisfaction of emotional needs:
The adolescents are highly inflammable and restless. Therefore teachers should take care of their emotions by guiding them.
6. Arranging guidance services:
Lack of guidance creates restlessness, indefiniteness among adolescents. The teacher should provide proper guidance and solve their problems.
7. Religious and moral education:
Teachers much provide religious and moral education to adolescents for their better growth and development.
The adolescence stage is a bridge between childhood and adulthood. In this article, we have discussed many things. Firstly adolescents, during this stage, are at the peak of their emotions, social breakdowns, etc. Secondly the topic of Adolescents’ stress and role of teacher enhances our understanding of the stress faced by adolescents and what role should be played by teachers to resolve it. Thirdly they should be handled properly. Proper guidance and counseling services should be arranged for them during this phase of their lives.
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