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Concept of Assessment and Evaluation
We can define both these terms as:
The term assessment is the vast diversification or variety of tools that educators/teachers use to evaluate, measure the learning progress and skill acquisition of students.
In simple words, it is the process of testing the knowledge, skill, attitudes, and beliefs acquired by the students.
It is the systematic basis for making inferences about learning and development of students.
It is the process of defining, selecting, designing, collecting, analyzing, interpreting and using information to increase student’s learning and development.
In other words, assessment is the systematic process of documenting and using empirical data on the knowledge, skill, attitudes, aptitude and beliefs to refine programs and improve student learning.
The assessment can be of the following types:
- Formative Assessment (During Learning)
- Summative Assessment (At the end of session or after learning)
Definitions Of Assessment
According to Palomba and Banta, “It is a systematic collection, review, and use of information about educational programs undertaken for the purpose of improving student learning and development.”
Huba and Freed (2000), “It is the process of gathering and discussing information from multiple and diverse sources in order to develop a deep understanding of what students know, understand and can do with their knowledge as a result of their educational experiences.”
According to Allen (2004) “Assessment involves the use of empirical data on student learning to refine programs and improve student learning.
Erwin has also said about it (in 1991) that, “Assessment is the systematic basis for making inferences about the learning and development of students. It is the process of defining, selecting, designing, collecting, analyzing, interpreting, and using the information to increase students’ learning and development.”
It includes the basic variables of the casual model of an evaluation (outputs, outcomes, impacts)
The aim of evaluation in terms of the qualitative monitoring and quantitative assessment of programmes.
In short, evaluation could be defined as the “value Judgement”.
Definitions of the Evaluation
In the words of James M. Bradfield: Evaluation is the assignment of symbols to phenomenon, in order to characterize the worth or value of a phenomenon, usually with reference to some cultural or scientific standards.
According to Thorndike and Hegan: The term evaluation is closely related to measurement. It is in some respect, inclusive including informal and intuitive judgement of pupil’s progress. Evaluation is describing something in term of selected attributes and judging the degree of acceptability or suitability of that which has been described.
Difference between Assessment, Evaluation and Measurement
Following are the differences of the assessment, evaluation and measurement:
|Process of collecting, reviewing, and using data for the purpose of inprovement in the current performance.||Process by which the attributes or dimensions of some physical objects are determined.||An act of passing judgement on the basis of set of standards.|
|It is diagnostic in nature||Achievemental in nature.||Judgemental in nature.|
|Provides feedback on performance and area of improvement.||Provides day to day feedback in quantitative form.||Determines the extent to which objectives are achieved.|
|It is process oriented.||Process and procedure oriented.||Product oriented.|
|It is based on observation, as well as negative and positive points.||Based on level of achievement of students.||Based on the level/standard of quality.|
|Reflective in relationship.||Aspirational.||Prescriptive.|
|Observation based||Achievement based||Objective based|
|Tools are observation, checklist, rating scales, and interview, and it gives qualitative results.||Written and oral tests are used as tools and it gives Quantitative results.||Both quantitative and qulitative tools are used.|
|It is formative process oriented||It is very objective.||It is subjective|
|Ongoing||Provides numerical data||conclusive and provide closure.|
Concept of Assessment and Evaluation Assignment
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