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Belief and Truth Difference
Often belief is considered a form of knowledge; The definite beliefs that are formed in our mind on the basis of our own experiences and thoughts are called knowledge.
We form an opinion by looking at something or about a person; Many times we convert this belief into a belief without truth.
Therefore, faith does not require any truth or truth; That is, belief is transformed into knowledge; But in order to convert belief into knowledge, it is necessary that there is a proof of its veracity.
Faith is taken as it is, and nothing more than that. Every kind of belief is within our hearts; Be it human mind, animal mind, or bird mind.
If a person pays attention to negativity or negativity, then negative beliefs are created within him. Similarly a person with a positive or positive mindset has positive beliefs. It would not be wrong to say that faith is found in the hearts of all beings; Whatever the form of that belief.
Definitions of Belief
According to Russell, “Belief is a proven combination of both mental and physical conditions; Russell holds that belief is not related to the mind or body alone, but it is a particular state of the human structure.”
A. D. Boozel had said – A. D. Boozel does not consider belief as a mental action or state, but considers it as a instinct; Boozel believes that belief requires proof; Because no belief can be without proof.
In fact, the evidence which we consider to be unbelievable; The only thing in it is that on the basis of which we believe; Keeping those proofs in front of others, we are hesitant whether the other person will accept this evidence or not.
From the definition given by Webster’s dictionary it is clear that-
- Belief is a type of mindset.
- By this mindset a fact is accepted.
- And absolute truthfulness is not necessary in case of belief.
Confidence refers to the belief in things about which you are not usually convinced. You can trust that a rope will lift your weight, But you won’t know the truth until you try to climb the rope.
Often, we people believe in things that cannot possibly be verified; Like belief in God.
What is Truth (Belief and Truth Difference)
It (truth) is always based on facts; Truth is that which can be proved, it can also be tested and confirmed. Truth does not depend on your belief, truth is always truth.
For example, you may believe that you will become a teacher or a teacher after B.Ed; But the truth is that you have to work very hard.
According to the principle of truth, the acquisition of knowledge from various sources of knowledge is not enough.
It is also necessary to know whether that knowledge is true or false, right or wrong, good or bad; That is, the acquisition of knowledge is not enough, it is also necessary to check its veracity.
In the context of the truth of knowledge, the following are mainly four principles of philosophers-
- Self Evidence Theory
- Correspondence Theory
- Pragmatic Theory
- Coherence Theory
Self Evidence Theory
According to this theory, knowledge is considered self-evident, because it is straightforward, and clear. The more simple, direct and clear the knowledge, the more true it will be; Having these qualities makes the truth more visible.
For example, the axioms of geometry do not require any proof.
The two main promoters of this theory are Descarates and Locke.
Descarte emphasized the clarity of intellectual experience, and Locke emphasized the clarity of simple concepts of sense-borne experience and held them to be true.
According to this principle, truth, knowledge or judgment is that which is in accord with the real thing, and the truth is based on facts; It is wrong to justify the facts as true or false, because the facts will remain as they are.
Locke supported the theory that; If knowledge corresponds to real things, it must be true.
If the thoughts are found to be in accord with the object situation; So they are true and if they are unfavourable they are not true. In other words the compatibility of facts is the test of truth.
For example, a scammer calls you and pretends that he is calling from your bank branch and then asks you to provide the OTP.
You may believe him to be an employee of your bank, but the truth is that he is a fraudulent person.
We have to verify the facts to confirm what this person says; and if it is established in this investigation that the person is actually from your bank, then his statement is true; Otherwise it is false because it is contrary to the facts.
For this test of truth, the facts have to be considered as sound, independent and real and it has to be seen whether they can be experienced or tested.
According to pragmatists true knowledge is that which is useful in practice; Therefore, the test of true knowledge is hidden in their usefulness.
When a decision or knowledge is tested by human behavior, that is, by observation-testing, then only that can be called true knowledge.
No knowledge can be called true judgment without testing. The famous American philosophers James and Dewey lay special emphasis on this observation.
According to Dewey “Truth has only one meaning, that is the tested; apart from this truth has no other meaning.”
For example, a snake-like object in the corner of a house is actually a rope or a snake; It can be guessed only by going to that corner and gazing at that object cleverly.
Therefore, this type of knowledge can only be gained through practical experience.
According to this principle, we can know the true nature of knowledge only by looking in the context of related events and objects. As Professor Bradley said, Truth is an interrelated cohesive unit.
The wider the field of knowledge, the more opportunity we will get to reconcile the knowledge gained from experience with the rest of the world’s knowledge base.
If our knowledge is found to be contrary to the knowledge of the world, we may be wrong.
In fact, many times talented researchers also prove that the theory obtained by their discovery is absolutely correct.
In such a condition the knowledge-store of the world is developed; The knowledge of partial judgment must be reconciled with the rest of man’s experience.
We have to understand that human intelligence cannot simultaneously accept two opposing facts; In this way, harmony can be divided into two following parts –
In this, the truth of a fact is examined on the basis of reconciliation with other known facts.
The meaning of the ideas present in it is logically examined; That is, it is seen that to what extent those ideas are logical.
The criterion to test the truthfulness of knowledge is according to the principle whether one judgment is compatible with other judgments that we can take to be true.
In other words whether the statements are consistent, if they are related, then they are true; And if the statements lack relation, then it can be said that they have contradictions, and those statements are false.
January 1, 2021 is a Friday. What can it mean for this statement to be true?
If this statement is true, it means nothing other than that January 2, 2021 will be a Saturday; January 3, 2021 will be a Sunday; January 4, 2021 will be a Monday. Thus the truth of one statement is related to that of three statements.
These statements are in harmony with each other.
Belief and Truth Difference Assignment
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