Climate Lesson Plan Geography Class 9 For Teachers

Climate Lesson Plan Geography Class 9 For Teachers

Climate Lesson Plan Geography Class 9th SST: As you know, lesson plans are detailed descriptions of the course of instructions or “learning trajectories” for teachers. Lesson plans are developed on a daily basis by teachers to guide class learning.

Details may vary depending on the preference of the teachers, the subject being covered, and the needs of the students.

Here we present Class 9th Social Science Lesson Plans for teachers and B.Ed/B.El.Ed students. This Climate Lesson Plan Geography Class 9th SST is beneficial for all the teachers and B.Ed/D.El.Ed aspirants from several universities like JAMIA, MDU, CRSU, DU, IGNOU, IPU, etc.

You can browse this Climate Lesson Plan Geography (Social Studies/SST Lesson Plans) and can also download the PDFs from the links given below.

We have provided a mega lesson plan format, which will help you in understanding the pattern of the lesson plans and also the content, headings you need to add to your lesson plans.

Climate Lesson Plan Geography

Climate Lesson Plan Geography (MEGA LESSON PLAN)


P.T Name – XYZ    Class – 9th
Subject – Social science  Period – 5th
Sub Subject – GeographyTime duration – 40 min
Topic – ClimateDate- 3 June, 2022
Place – ABC School, Delhi

2. Content Analysis (Climate Lesson Plan Geography)

1. Climate Controls

2. Factors Affecting India’s Climate

3. The Indian Monsoon

4.The Seasons

3. GENERAL OBJECTIVES (Climate Lesson Plan Geography)

1. To inculcate a Concerning attitude in Social Science among students.

2. To create an interest among students in Social Science.

3. To develop interest about Climate of India.


Knowledge Objectives:

1. To enable students to recall the meaning of Climate.

2. To enable the students to define the term Monsoon.

Understanding Objectives:

1. To enable students to distinguish the seasons comes in India.

2. To enable Students to discuss the climate control factors.

Application Objectives:

1. To enable the students to predict types of Seasons in India.

2. To enable students to collect much more information about the climate of India.


1. Lecture Method

2. Discussion Method

3. Inductive and Deductive Method


1. Skill of Explaining

2. Skill of Stimulus Variation

3. Skill of Illustration with Example


General aid

Text book, chalk, duster, pointer, black board / chalk board

Specific aid

  • Charts
  • Flash cards
  • Roller board.

8. PREVIOUS KNOWLEDGE ASSUMED (Regarding Climate Lesson Plan Geography)

P.T will assume that Students have some knowledge about the Climate.


P.T will ask questions-

Q.1Do you know, what is loo?Ans.1– The introduction of harmful materials into the material.
Q.2What do you mean by seasons?Ans.2- Four main seasons can be identified in India.
Q.3Neha, Give some names of Seasons in India?Ans.3– Cold season, Hot season, Monsoon etc.
Q.4What are the Characteristics of Cold season?Ans.4– No Response.


Well students! Today we will learn more about, “CLIMATE”.

11. PRESENTATION OF THE TOPIC (Climate Lesson Plan Geography)

Here is the presentation:

Subject MatterPupil Teacher’s ActivityPupil ActivitiesBlack-Board Work/ Teaching Aids


Climate refers to the sum total of weather conditions and variations over a large area for a longer period of time (more than thirty years).

Weather refers to the state of the atmosphere over an area at any point of time.

The elements of weather and climate are the same, i.e. temperature, wind, atmospheric pressure, humidity and precipitation. On the basis of the monthly atmospheric conditions, the period of a year is divided into seasons such as:

– Winter
– Summer
– Rainy Seasons
P.T Will start the presentation and introduce the chapter.Pupil will listen carefully.
Climatic Controls

The climate of any place depends on the following factors:

1) Latitude
The amount of solar energy received varies according to latitude due to the curvature of the earth.

2) Altitude
The atmosphere becomes less dense and temperature decreases when we go to the higher altitude from the earth surface.

3) Pressure and wind system
The pressure and wind system of any area depends on the latitude and altitude of the place.

4) Distance from the sea
The sea exerts a moderating influence on the climate. As the distance from the sea increases, its moderating influence decreases and people experience extreme weather conditions. This condition is known as continentality.

5) Ocean currents
Ocean currents along with onshore winds affect the climate of the coastal areas. For example, any coastal area with warm or cold currents flowing past it, will be warmed or cooled if the winds are onshore.

6) Relief features
Relief plays a major role in determining the climate of a place. High mountains act as barriers for cold or hot winds.
P.T will Explain the drainage system in Himalayan Rivers.Students will note down each and every point

Factors Affecting India’s Climate


Pressure and Winds
The climate and weather conditions in India are governed by the following atmospheric conditions:

– Pressure and surface winds
– Upper air circulation
– Western cyclonic disturbances and tropical cyclones

The Indian Monsoon

The climate of India is strongly influenced by monsoon winds. The seasonal reversal of the

wind system is known as “monsoon”. The monsoons are experienced in the tropical area roughly between 20° N and 20° S. Go through the following facts to understand the mechanism of the monsoons in a better way:

– The differential heating and cooling of land and water 
The shift of the position of Inter-Tropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ) 

– The presence of the high-pressure area, east of Madagascar,

– The Tibetan plateau gets intensely heated

– The movement of the westerly jet stream to the north of the Himalayas and the presence of the tropical easterly jet stream over the Indian peninsula
P.T will explain about the drainage system of lakes.Students will note down the points.

Arrival of the Monsoon in different parts of India

The monsoon arrives at the southern tip of the Indian peninsula generally by the 1st week of June. Subsequently, it proceeds into two– the Arabian Sea branch and the Bay of Bengal branch.

– The Arabian Sea branch reaches Mumbai on approximately the 10th of June.

– The Bay of Bengal branch arrives in Assam in the 1st week of June.

– By the first week of July, western Uttar Pradesh, Punjab, Haryana and eastern Rajasthan experience the monsoon.

– By mid-July, the monsoon reaches Himachal Pradesh and the rest of the country.
Pupil teacher will dictate the content briefly.Students are listening carefully and note down each and every point.

The Seasons

4 main seasons can be identified in India:

– The cold weather season (Winter)

– The hot weather season (Summer)

– The advancing monsoon (Rainy Season)

– The retreating monsoon with some regional variations (Transition Season)

Distribution of Rainfall

– Parts of the western coast and northeastern India receive over about 400 cm of rainfall annually.

– Rainfall is less than 60 cm in western Rajasthan and adjoining parts of Gujarat, Haryana and Punjab.

– Rainfall is low in the interior of the Deccan plateau, and east of the Sahyadris.

– Snowfall is restricted to the Himalayan region.

– The annual rainfall is highly variable from year to year.
P.T will tell about the role of rivers ion drainage system.Students are listening carefully.

Monsoon as a Unifying Bond

The seasonal alteration of the wind systems and the associated weather conditions provide a rhythmic cycle of seasons. The uncertainties of rain and uneven distribution are very much typical of the monsoons. Year after year, people of India from north to south and from east to west, eagerly await the arrival of the monsoon. These monsoon winds bind the whole country by providing water to set the agricultural activities in motion.
P.T will conclude the chapter by showing concern for River pollutionStudents are taking initiative by giving suggestions to reduce river pollution.


Well students, today we have studied about Climate.


The pupil-teacher evaluates the students by asking some questions:

1. What are the controls affecting the climate of India?

2. Which winds account for rainfall along the Malabar coast?

3. Why does India have a monsoon type of Climate?

4. What are Jet streams and how do they affect the climate of India?

14. HOME WORK (Climate Lesson Plan Geography).

1. Why does the rainfall decrease from the East to the west in Northern India?

2. Give the characteristics and effects of the monsoon rainfall in India?

3. Discuss the mechanism of Monsoon in India?

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