Climate Lesson Plan Geography Class 9 For Teachers

Climate Lesson Plan Geography Class 9 For Teachers

Climate Lesson Plan Geography Class 9th SST: As you know, lesson plans are detailed descriptions of the course of instructions or “learning trajectories” for teachers. Lesson plans are developed on a daily basis by teachers to guide class learning.

Lesson planning for teachers refers to the process of designing and organizing instructional activities and materials to meet specific learning objectives. It involves carefully considering the content to be taught, the methods and strategies to be employed, and the assessment measures to gauge student understanding and progress.

Lesson planning serves as a roadmap for teachers, helping them structure their teaching in a logical and coherent manner. It allows educators to outline the sequence of activities, allocate time for different tasks, and incorporate varied instructional techniques to engage students effectively.

Details may vary depending on the preference of the teachers, the subject being covered, and the needs of the students.

Here we present Class 9th Social Science Lesson Plans for teachers and B.Ed/B.El.Ed students. This Climate Lesson Plan Geography Class 9th SST is beneficial for all the teachers and B.Ed/D.El.Ed aspirants from several universities like JAMIA, MDU, CRSU, DU, IGNOU, IPU, etc.

You can browse this Climate Lesson Plan Geography (Social Studies/SST Lesson Plans) and can also download the PDFs from the links given below.

We have provided a mega lesson plan format, which will help you in understanding the pattern of the lesson plans and also the content, and headings you need to add to your lesson plans.

Climate Lesson Plan Geography

Climate Lesson Plan Geography (MEGA LESSON PLAN)


P.T Name – XYZ    Class – 9th
Subject – Social science  Period – 5th
Sub Subject – GeographyTime duration – 40 min
Topic – ClimateDate- 3 June, 2022
Place – ABC School, Delhi

2. Content Analysis (Climate Lesson Plan Geography)

1. Climate Controls

2. Factors Affecting India’s Climate

3. The Indian Monsoon

4.The Seasons

3. GENERAL OBJECTIVES (Climate Lesson Plan Geography)

1. To inculcate a Concerning attitude in Social Science among students.

2. To create an interest among students in Social Science.

3. To develop interest about Climate of India.


Knowledge Objectives:

1. To enable students to recall the meaning of Climate.

2. To enable the students to define the term Monsoon.

Understanding Objectives:

1. To enable students to distinguish the seasons comes in India.

2. To enable Students to discuss the climate control factors.

Application Objectives:

1. To enable the students to predict types of Seasons in India.

2. To enable students to collect much more information about the climate of India.


1. Lecture Method

2. Discussion Method

3. Inductive and Deductive Method


1. Skill of Explaining

2. Skill of Stimulus Variation

3. Skill of Illustration with Example


General aid

Text book, chalk, duster, pointer, black board / chalk board

Specific aid

  • Charts
  • Flash cards
  • Roller board.

8. PREVIOUS KNOWLEDGE ASSUMED (Regarding Climate Lesson Plan Geography)

P.T will assume that Students have some knowledge about the Climate.


P.T will ask questions-

Q.1Do you know, what is loo?Ans.1– The introduction of harmful materials into the material.
Q.2What do you mean by seasons?Ans.2- Four main seasons can be identified in India.
Q.3Neha, Give some names of Seasons in India?Ans.3– Cold season, Hot season, Monsoon etc.
Q.4What are the Characteristics of Cold season?Ans.4– No Response.


Well students! Today we will learn more about, “CLIMATE”.

11. PRESENTATION OF THE TOPIC (Climate Lesson Plan Geography)

Here is the presentation:

Subject MatterPupil Teacher’s ActivityPupil ActivitiesBlack-Board Work/ Teaching Aids


Climate encompasses the long-term patterns of weather conditions and fluctuations across a significant area, typically spanning more than thirty years.

Weather, on the other hand, refers to the immediate atmospheric state within a specific region at a given moment.

Both weather and climate are composed of various elements, including temperature, wind, atmospheric pressure, humidity, and precipitation. These factors contribute to the overall weather and climate experiences.

Based on the monthly variations in atmospheric conditions, the year is divided into distinct seasons:

– Winter
– Summer
– Rainy Seasons
P.T Will start the presentation and introduce the chapter.Pupil will listen carefully.
Climatic Controls

The climate of any place depends on the following factors:

1) Latitude
The amount of solar energy received varies according to latitude due to the curvature of the earth.

2) Altitude
As we go higher in altitude from the Earth’s surface, the atmosphere becomes less dense, and the temperature tends to decrease. Therefore, altitude plays a role in determining the climate of a place.

3) Pressure and wind system
The pressure and wind systems in an area are influenced by both latitude and altitude. These factors contribute to the circulation of air and affect the climate patterns of a region.

4) Distance from the sea
The sea has a moderating effect on the climate. Areas closer to the sea experience more stable and moderate temperatures compared to inland regions. As the distance from the sea increases, the moderating influence decreases, leading to more extreme weather conditions. This phenomenon is known as continentality.

5) Ocean currents
Ocean currents, along with onshore winds, influence the climate of coastal areas. When warm or cold ocean currents flow past a coastal region, they can warm or cool the air, impacting the local climate.

6) Relief features
The geographical features of an area, such as mountains, significantly influence the climate. High mountains act as barriers to the flow of cold or hot winds, affecting the temperature and precipitation patterns in the region.
P.T will Explain the drainage system in the Himalayan Rivers.Students will note down each and every point

Factors Affecting India’s Climate
India’s climate is influenced by several factors that contribute to its diverse weather patterns. The main factors affecting India’s climate are:


Pressure and Winds
Pressure and Surface Winds: Variances in pressure systems and the direction of surface winds affect India’s climate. These systems contribute to the movement of air masses, influencing temperature and moisture levels across different regions.

Upper-Air Circulation: The circulation patterns of upper-level winds, such as the jet stream, have an impact on India’s climate. These high-altitude winds can bring changes in temperature, moisture, and weather conditions.

Western Cyclonic Disturbances and Tropical Cyclones: India experiences the influence of western cyclonic disturbances and tropical cyclones, particularly during certain seasons. These weather systems bring significant rainfall and can cause storms and cyclones, affecting the overall climate of specific regions.

The Indian Monsoon

The climate of India is strongly influenced by monsoon winds. The seasonal reversal of the

wind system is known as a “monsoon”. The monsoons are experienced in the tropical area roughly between 20° N and 20° S. Go through the following facts to understand the mechanism of the monsoons in a better way:

– The differential heating and cooling of land and water 
The shift of the position of the Inter-Tropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ) 

– The presence of the high-pressure area, east of Madagascar,

– The Tibetan plateau gets intensely heated

– The movement of the westerly jet stream to the north of the Himalayas and the presence of the tropical easterly jet stream over the Indian peninsula

The arrival of the Monsoon in different parts of India

The monsoon arrives at the southern tip of the Indian peninsula generally by the 1st week of June. Subsequently, it proceeds into two– the Arabian Sea branch and the Bay of Bengal branch.

– The Arabian Sea branch reaches Mumbai on approximately the 10th of June.

– The Bay of Bengal branch arrives in Assam in the 1st week of June.

– By the first week of July, western Uttar Pradesh, Punjab, Haryana and eastern Rajasthan experience the monsoon.

– By mid-July, the monsoon reaches Himachal Pradesh and the rest of the country.
P.T will explain the drainage system of lakes.Students will note down the points.

The Arrival of the Monsoon in Different Parts of India

The monsoon typically makes its way to the southern tip of the Indian peninsula around the first week of June. It then splits into two branches
the Arabian Sea branch and the Bay of Bengal branch.

– The Arabian Sea branch reaches Mumbai around the 10th of June.

– The Bay of Bengal branch arrives in Assam during the first week of June.

– By the first week of July, the monsoon reaches western Uttar Pradesh, Punjab, Haryana, and eastern Rajasthan.

– By mid-July, the monsoon covers Himachal Pradesh and the rest of the country.
The Pupil teacher will dictate the content briefly.Students are listening carefully and note down each and every point.

Monsoon as a Unifying Bond

The changing wind patterns and weather conditions throughout the seasons create a predictable cycle of seasons in India. However, the monsoons, with their uncertain rainfall and uneven distribution, are a distinctive characteristic.

Each year, people across India, from north to south and east to west, anxiously anticipate the arrival of the monsoon. These monsoon winds play a unifying role by supplying water, which is crucial for initiating agricultural activities throughout the country.

The monsoons serve as a vital lifeline for the nation, connecting its diverse regions through the shared reliance on this essential source of water.
The P.T. will talk about the role of rivers in the drainage system.Students are listening carefully.


Well students, today we have studied about Climate.


The pupil-teacher evaluates the students by asking some questions:

1. What are the controls affecting the climate of India?

2. Which winds account for rainfall along the Malabar coast?

3. Why does India have a monsoon type of Climate?

4. What are Jet streams and how do they affect the climate of India?

14. HOMEWORK (Climate Lesson Plan Geography).

1. Why does the rainfall decrease from the East to the west in Northern India?

2. Give the characteristics and effects of the monsoon rainfall in India?

3. Discuss the mechanism of the Monsoon in India?

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