Drainage Lesson Plan Geography Class 9 for B.Ed

Drainage Lesson Plan Geography Class 9

Drainage Lesson Plan Class 9th SST: As you know, lesson plans are detailed descriptions of the course of instructions or “learning trajectories” for teachers. Lesson plans are developed on a daily basis by teachers to guide class learning.

Details may vary depending on the preference of the teachers, the subject being covered, and the needs of the students.

Here we present Class 9th Social Science Lesson Plans for teachers and B.Ed/B.El.Ed students. This Drainage Lesson Plan Class 9th SST is beneficial for all the teachers and B.Ed/D.El.Ed aspirants from several universities like JAMIA, MDU, CRSU, DU, IGNOU, IPU, etc.

You can browse this Drainage Lesson Plan (Social Studies/SST Lesson Plans) and can also download the PDFs from the links given below.

We have provided a mega lesson plan format, which will help you in understanding the pattern of the lesson plans and also the content, headings you need to add to your lesson plans.

Drainage Lesson Plan

Drainage Lesson Plan (MEGA LESSON PLAN)


P.T Name – XYZ    Class – 9th
Subject – Social science  Period – 5th
Sub Subject – GeographyTime duration – 40 min
Topic – DrainageDate- 3 June, 2022
Place – ABC School, Delhi

2. Content Analysis (Drainage)

1. Drainage System in Australia

  • The Himalayan Rivers
  • The Peninsular Rivers
  • Lakes

2. Role of Rivers in the Economy

3. River Pollution

3. GENERAL OBJECTIVES (Drainage Lesson Plan)

1. To inculcate a Concerning attitude in Social Science among students.

2. To create an interest among students in Social Science.

3. To develop concern about the need to reduce the Water pollution.


Knowledge Objectives:

1. To enable students to recall the meaning of Drainage.

2. To enable the students to define the term Pollution.

Understanding Objectives:

1. To enable students to distinguish the Drainage System of India.

2. To enable Students to discuss types of Peninsular River Basins which drain water.

Application Objectives:

1. To enable the students to predict the areas which get affected by the drainage system.

2. To enable students to discover the ways to reduce river pollution.


1. Lecture Method

2. Discussion Method

3. Inductive and Deductive Method


1. Skill of Explaining

2. Skill of Stimulus Variation

3. Skill of Illustration with Example


General aid

Text book, chalk, duster, pointer, black board / chalk board

Specific aid

  • Charts
  • Flash cards
  • Roller board.

8. PREVIOUS KNOWLEDGE ASSUMED (Regarding Drainage Lesson Plan)

P.T will assume that Students have some knowledge about the Drainage.


P.T will ask questions-

Q.1Which is Pollution?Ans.1– The introduction of harmful materials into the material.
Q.2What do you mean by harmful material?Ans.2- Yes ma’am, Harmful material means Pollutants or Contaminants.
Q.3What are the examples of pollutant?Ans.3– Toxic waste is the example of Pollutant which include Volatile organic substances, Particulate matter, Nitrogen oxides etc.
Q.4Name the types of Pollution?Ans.4– Air Pollution, Water Pollution, Land Pollution, Noise Pollution etc.
Q.5.- How the Pollution affects the Economy of Country?Ans.5– No Response.


Well students! Today we will learn more about, “Drainage Lesson Plan”.

11. PRESENTATION OF THE TOPIC (Drainage Lesson Plan)

Here is the presentation:

Subject MatterPupil Teacher’s ActivityPupil ActivitiesBlack-Board Work/ Teaching Aids


The area drained by a single river system is called a drainage basin.

A drainage basin refers to the geographical area that is drained by a particular river system. It includes all the land and water surfaces from which water flows into that river. In India, the rivers are categorized into two main groups:

Himalayan Rivers: The Himalayan rivers originate from the Himalayan mountain range. These rivers have their source in the lofty peaks and glaciers of the Himalayas. They flow through the northern plains and form an essential part of the river system in India.

Peninsular Rivers: The peninsular rivers, as the name suggests, are found in the Peninsular region of India. These rivers have their origins within the peninsular plateau and flow through various states in the southern and central parts of the country.
P.T Will start the presentation and introduce the chapter.The Pupil will listen carefully.
The Himalayan Rivers

The Himalayan region is home to several major rivers, including the Indus, Ganga (also known as the Ganges), and the Brahmaputra. These rivers, along with their tributaries, form expansive river systems.

1) The Indus River System

Indus is one of the longest rivers in the world with a total length of 2900 km.

The river Indus rises in Tibet, near Lake Mansarovar.
– One of the longest rivers in Asia, spanning approximately 2,900 kilometers.

– It originates in the Tibetan Plateau in China and flows through India and Pakistan.

– Diverse landscapes include high mountain ranges, vast plains, and arid regions. Empties into the Arabian Sea.

– Linked to the ancient Indus Valley Civilization, an early urban civilization.

– Flourished from around 2600 BCE to 1900 BCE.
– The cities of Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro were located along the river.

– Fertile land and water resources supported agriculture and trade.

2) The Ganga River System

The Ganga River, also known as the Ganges, originates from the Gangotri Glacier in the Garhwal Himalayas. The source of the Ganga is called the ‘Bhagirathi’, named after the legendary King Bhagiratha. The Bhagirathi is fed by the melting waters of the Gangotri Glacier, which is one of the primary sources of the river.

As the Bhagirathi flows downstream, it merges with another major river called the Alaknanda at a place called Devaprayag in Uttarakhand. Devaprayag is a sacred confluence where the clear turquoise waters of the Alaknanda blend with the milky white waters of the Bhagirathi. From this point onward, the river is known as the Ganga, signifying its union and the beginning of its long journey across the plains of North India.

3) The Brahmaputra River System

– The Brahmaputra River originates in the Angsi Glacier located in the Himalayas in Tibet, China.

– It flows through the northeastern region of India, known as Assam, and eventually enters Bangladesh, where it merges with the Ganges River to form the world’s largest delta.

– With a length of approximately 2,900 kilometers, it is one of the longest rivers in the world.

The Brahmaputra rises in Tibet east of Mansarowar Lake.

It is slightly longer than the Indus.
The P.T. will Explain the drainage system in the Himalayan Rivers.Students will note down each and every point

The Peninsular Rivers

The main water divide in Peninsular India is formed by the Western Ghats.
These rivers make deltas at their mouths. The Narmada and the Tapi are the only long rivers, which flow west and make estuaries.

1) The Narmada Basin

The Narmada rises in the Amarkantak hills in Madhya Pradesh.

The Narmada flows through a deep gorge at the ‘Marble Rocks’ near Jabalpur.

2) The Tapi Basin

The Tapi rises in the Satpura ranges, in the Betul district of Madhya Pradesh.

Its basin covers parts of Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat, and Maharashtra.
3) The Godavari Basin

– The Godavari is the largest Peninsular river. Its length is about 1500 km.

– It rises from the slopes of the Western Ghats in the Nasik district of Maharashtra.

4) The Mahanadi Basin

The Mahanadi rises in the highlands of Chhattisgarh.

The length of the river is about 860 km.

Its drainage basin is shared by Maharashtra, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, and Odisha.

5) The Krishna Basin

It rises from a spring near Mahabaleshwar.

The length of the river is about 1400 km.

Its drainage basin is shared by Maharashtra, Karnataka, and Andhra Pradesh.

6) The Kaveri Basin

– The Kaveri rises in the Brahmagri range of the Western Ghats.

– The total length of the river is about 760 km.
Its basin drains parts of Karnataka, Kerala, and Tamil Nadu.

Besides these major rivers, there are some smaller rivers flowing towards the east. Some of them are:
– The Damodar
– The Brahmani
– The Baitarni
– The Subarnrekha


– India has many lakes. These lakes differ from each other in size and other characteristics.

– Most lakes are permanent

– Some contain water only during the rainy season
Some lakes are the result of the action of glaciers and ice sheets
P.T. will explain the drainage system of lakes.Students will note down the points.

These lakes are attractive for tourists in places like Srinagar, Nainital. Different lakes are:

Importance of Lakes

Lakes are useful to human beings in many ways:

– Lakes help to regulate the flow of a river.

– During heavy rains, these lakes prevent flooding.

– During the dry season, these lakes help to maintain an even flow of water.

– Lakes moderate the surrounding climate

– They maintain the aquatic ecosystem, enhance natural beauty, and provide recreation.
The Pupil teacher will dictate the content briefly.Students are listening carefully and note down each and every point.

Role of Rivers in the Economy

– Rivers have played a crucial role in shaping human civilization since ancient times.

– These natural water bodies serve as vital resources, providing water that is essential for a wide range of human activities.

– Rivers are utilized for purposes such as irrigation to support agriculture, navigation for transportation and trade, and the generation of hydropower to meet energy needs.

-Their significance in supporting human endeavors cannot be overstated.
P.T. will talk about the role of rivers in drainage systems.Students are listening carefully.

River Pollution

The increasing need for water in domestic, municipal, industrial, and agricultural sectors has led to a decline in water quality in rivers. The pollution of rivers is a result of the discharge of untreated sewage and industrial waste into these water bodies. Recognizing the alarming rise in river pollution, efforts have been undertaken to address this issue through the implementation of various action plans aimed at cleaning and restoring the health of our rivers.
P.T will conclude the chapter by showing concern for River pollutionStudents are taking the initiative by giving suggestions to reduce river pollution.


Well students, today we have learned about Drainage.


The pupil-teacher evaluates the students by asking some questions:

1. Where do the rivers Indus and Ganga have their origin?

2. Which is the largest river basin in India?

3. What is meant by a water divide? Give one example.

4. Which two peninsular rivers flow through a trough?

14. HOMEWORK (Drainage Lesson Plan).

1. Compare the east-flowing and the west-flowing river of the Peninsular plateau.

2. Why are rivers important for the country’s economy?

3. Discuss the significant difference between the Himalayan and the Peninsular rivers?

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