Geography Lesson Plans For B.Ed, D.El.Ed, and Teachers

Geography Lesson Plans For B.Ed, D.El.Ed, and Teachers Group Of Tutors

Geography Lesson Plans: As you know, lesson plans are detailed descriptions of the course of instructions or “learning trajectories” for teachers. Lesson plans are developed on a daily basis by teachers to guide class learning.

Details may vary depending on the preference of the teachers, the subject being covered, and the needs of the students.

Here we present Geography Lesson Plans for teachers and B.Ed/B.El.Ed students. These Geography Lesson Plans are beneficial for all the teachers and B.Ed/D.El.Ed aspirants from several universities like JAMIA, MDU, CRSU, DU, IGNOU, IPU, etc.

You can browse these Geography (Social Studies/SST) Lesson Plans For B.Ed and can also download the PDFs from the links given below.

We have provided a mega lesson plan format, which will help you in understanding the pattern of the lesson plans and also the content, headings you need to add to your lesson plans.

Geography Lesson Plans

Geography Lesson Plans (MEGA LESSON PLAN)


P.T Name – XYZ    Class – 7th
Subject – Social science   Period – 4th
Sub Subject – GeographyTime duration – 40 min
Place – ABC School, Delhi

2. Content Analysis

  1. Category of Natural Vegetation
  2. Forest
    • Tropical Evergreen Forest
    • Tropical Deciduous Forest
    • Temperate Evergreen Forest
    • Temperate Deciduous Forest
    • Mediterranean Forests
  3. Grasslands
    • Tropical Grasslands
    • Temperate Grasslands
    • Thorny Bushes
    • Tundra Vegetation


  • To inculcate a Concerning attitude in Social Science among students.
  • To create an interest among students in Social Science.
  • To develop concern about the need to protect the Biodiversity of our Country.


Knowledge Objectives:

  • To enable students to recall the meaning of Natural Vegetation.
  • To enable the students to define the term Grassland.

Understanding Objectives:

  • To enable students to distinguish categories of Natural Vegetation.
  • To enable Students to discuss types of forests.

Application Objectives:

  • To enable the students to predict types of Grasslands.
  • To enable students to discover types of Grasslands.


  • Lecture Method
  • Discussion Method
  • Inductive and Deductive Method


  • Skill of Explaining
  • Skill of Stimulus Variation
  • Skill of Illustration with Example


General aid

Text book, chalk, duster, pointer, black board / chalk board

Specific aid

Charts, Flash cards, Roller board.


P.T will assume that Students have some knowledge about vegetation and wildlife.


P.T will ask questions-

Q.1– Which is the largest lake?Ans.1– Caspian Sea
Q.2– Generally the warm ocean currents originate near……..?Ans.2– Equator
Q.3– Strong seismic waves are known as………..?Ans.3– Tsunami
Q.4– Periodic rise and fall of water is known as………..?Ans.4– Tide
Q.5– Name the categories of Natural Vegetation?Ans.5–  No Response.


Well students! Today we will learn more about, “Natural Vegetation and Wildlife”.

11. PRESENTATION (Geography Lesson Plans)

SUBJECT MATTERPupil Teacher’s ActivityPupil ActivitiesBlack-Board Work/ Teaching Aids
The growth of vegetation depends on –
1. Temperature and moisture
2. Slope and thickness of soil.

Type and thickness of natural vegetation varies from place to place because of the variation in these factors.
Natural vegetation is generally classified into three broad categories as follows:
P.T Will start the presentation and introduce the chapter.Pupil will listen carefully
It grows where temperature and rainfall are plentiful to support a tree cover. Depending upon these factors, dense and open forests are grown.

Grasslands: Which grow in the region of moderate rain.

Shrubs: Thorny shrubs and scrubs grow in the dry region.
P.T will tell the types of Natural Vegetation via showing the chart or table.Students are very excited tom know about Natural vegetation
Following are the types of forrests:

Tropical Evergreen Forests
Tropical Evergreen forests are also called tropical rainforests. These thick forests occur in the regions near the equator and close to the tropics.

These regions are hot and receive heavy rainfall throughout the year. As there is no dry season, the trees do not shed their leaves. This is the reason they are called evergreen. Hardwood trees like rosewood, ebony, mahogany are common here.
P.T will explain the types of forests with correct examples of each via chart.Students will note down each and every point and ask queries to the teacher.
Tropical Deciduous Forests
Tropical deciduous are the monsoon forests found in the large part of India, northern Australia and in Central America. These regions experience seasonal changes. Trees shed their leaves in the dry season to conserve water. The hardwood trees found in these forests are sal, teak, neem and shisham which are used to make furniture, transport and constructional materials. Tigers, lions, elephants, langoors and monkeys are the common animals of these regions.

Temperate Evergreen Forests
The temperate evergreen forests are located in the mid latitudinal coastal region. They are commonly found along the eastern margin of the continents, e.g., In south-east USA, South China and in South-East Brazil. They comprise both hard and softwood trees like oak, pine, eucalyptus, etc.

Temperate Deciduous Forests
Temperate Deciduous forests are found towards higher latitudes. These are found in the northeastern part of USA, China, New Zealand, Chile and also found in the coastal regions of Western Europe. They shed their leaves in the dry season. The common trees are oak, ash, beech, etc. Deer, foxes, wolves are the animals commonly found. Birds like pheasants, monals are also found here.
Students will see the charts clearly and try to understand the Types of forests.
Mediterranean Vegetation
The west and south-west margins of the continents are covered with Mediterranean vegetation. It is mostly found in the areas around the Mediterranean sea in Europe, Africa and Asia. This kind of vegetation is also found outside the actual Mediterranean region in California in the USA, south-west Africa, southwestern South America and Southwest Australia. Citrus fruits such as oranges, figs, olives and grapes are commonly cultivated here.

Coniferous Forests
In the higher latitudes of Northern hemisphere, the spectacular Coniferous forests are found. These are also called Taiga. These forests are also seen in the higher altitudes. Chir, pine, cedar are the important variety of trees in these forests. Silver fox, mink, polar bear are the common animals found here.

Tropical grasslands:

These occur on either side of the equator and extend till the tropics. This vegetation grows in the areas of moderate to low amount of rainfall. The grass can grow very tall, about 3 to 4 metres in height. Savannah grasslands of Africa are of this type. Elephants, zebras, giraffes, deer, leopards are common in tropical grasslands.

Pupil teacher will explain about Thorny bushes.Students are listening carefully and note down the points in their notebook.
Temperate grasslands:

These are found in the mid latitudinal zones and in the interior part of the continents. Usually, grass here is short and nutritious. Wild buffaloes, bisons, antelopes are common in the temperate region.
Thorny bushes:

These are found in the dry desert-like regions. Tropical deserts are located on the western margins of the continents. The vegetation cover is scarce here because of scanty rain and scorching heat.
In the polar region, the growth of natural vegetation is very limited. Only mosses, lichens and very small shrubs are found here. It grows during the very short summer. This is called Tundra type of vegetation.

11. PRESENTATION (Geography Lesson Plans)

Geography Lesson Plans For B.Ed, D.El.Ed, and Teachers Group Of Tutors
Geography Lesson Plans For B.Ed, D.El.Ed, and Teachers Group Of Tutors
Best SST Lesson Plan For B.Ed, D.El.Ed, and Teachers Group Of Tutors
Best Social Studies Lesson Plan Group Of Tutors


Well students, today we have learnt about Natural Vegetation, Forests, Grasslands etc.


The pupil-teacher evaluates the students by asking some questions:

  • What do you mean by Wildlife?
  • What are the three categories of Natural Vegetation?
  • Name the different types of Forests?
  • Name the types of Grasslands?


  • Write a short note on Natural Vegetation?
  • Prepare a chart on Types of Forests.
  • Explain Types of Grasslands in Brief?

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