Physical Features Of India Lesson Plan Class 9

PHYSICAL FEATURES OF INDIA Lesson Plan Class 9 Group Of Tutors

Physical Features Of India Lesson Plan Class 9th SST: As you know, lesson plans are detailed descriptions of the course of instructions or “learning trajectories” for teachers. Lesson plans are developed on a daily basis by teachers to guide class learning.

Details may vary depending on the preference of the teachers, the subject being covered, and the needs of the students.

Here we present Class 9th Social Science Lesson Plans for teachers and B.Ed/B.El.Ed students. This Physical Features Of India Lesson Plan Class 9th SST is beneficial for all the teachers and B.Ed/D.El.Ed aspirants from several universities like JAMIA, MDU, CRSU, DU, IGNOU, IPU, etc.

You can browse this Physical Features Of India Lesson Plan (Social Studies/SST Lesson Plans) and can also download the PDFs from the links given below.

We have provided a mega lesson plan format, which will help you in understanding the pattern of the lesson plans and also the content, headings you need to add to your lesson plans.

Physical Features Of India Lesson Plan

Physical Features Of India Lesson Plan (MEGA LESSON PLAN)


P.T Name – XYZ    Class – 9th
Subject – Social science  Period – 5th
Sub Subject – GeographyTime duration – 40 min
Topic – Physical Features Of IndiaDate- 5 May, 2022
Place – ABC School, Delhi

2. Content Analysis (Physical Features Of India)

1. The Himalayan Mountain

2. The Northern Plains

3. The Peninsular Plateau

4. The Indian Desert

5. The Coastal Plains

6. The Islands

3. GENERAL OBJECTIVES (Physical Features Of India Lesson Plan)

1. To inculcate a Concerning attitude in Social Science among students.

2. To create an interest among students in Social Science.

3. To develop interest about Major Physiographic divisions Of India.


Knowledge Objectives:

1. To enable students to recall the meaning of Physiographic divisions.

2. To enable the students to define the Coastal plains.

Understanding Objectives:

1. To enable students to distinguish between Island and Plateau.

2. To enable Students to discuss about the Himalayan Mountains.

Application Objectives:

1. To enable the students to predict some Highest peak of Himalayas.

2. To enable students to collect information about Physical features of India.


1. Lecture Method

2. Discussion Method

3. Inductive and Deductive Method


1. Skill of Explaining

2. Skill of Stimulus Variation

3. Skill of Illustration with Example


General aid

Text book, chalk, duster, pointer, black board / chalk board

Specific aid

  • Charts
  • Flash cards
  • Roller board.

8. PREVIOUS KNOWLEDGE ASSUMED (Regarding Physical Features Of India Lesson Plan)

P.T will assume that Students have some knowledge about the Features of INDIA..


P.T will ask questions-

Q.1– What is the name of our country?Ans.1– India
Q.2– Do you know about the physical features of India?Ans.2- Yes ma’am, Mountains, Plains, deserts etc represents the physical features of India
Q.3– Do you know about Indian Desert?Ans.3– Indian Desert lies towards the margins of the Aravali Hills.
Q.4– Which river lies in this region?Ans.4– No Response.


Well students! Today we will learn more about, “PHYSICAL FEATURES OF INDIA”.

11. PRESENTATION OF THE TOPIC (Physical Features Of India Lesson Plan)

Here is the presentation:

Subject MatterPupil Teacher’s ActivityPupil ActivitiesTeaching Aids
INTRODUCTIONP.T Will start the presentation and introduce the chapter.Pupil will listen carefully.
Major Physiographic Divisions

The physical features of India are grouped under the following physiographic divisions:

1. The Himalayan Mountains
2. The Northern Plains
3. The Peninsular Plateau
4. The Indian Desert
5. The Coastal Plains
6. The Islands

Let’s discuss each of them in detail:
P.T will tell the major Physiographic Divisions.Students will note down the divisions.

The Himalayan Mountains

The Himalaya consists of 3 parallel ranges in its longitudinal extent.

1. The northern-most range is known as the Great or Inner Himalayas or the Himadri.

2. The folds of the Great Himalayas are asymmetrical in nature. The core of this part of Himalayas is composed of granite.

3. The range lying to the south of the Himadri forms the most rugged mountain system and is known as Himachal or lesser Himalaya.

4. Pir Panjal range forms the longest and the most important range.

5. The outermost range of the Himalayas is called the Shiwaliks. These ranges are composed of unconsolidated sediments.
P.T will explain each and every Division very beautifully by showing the chart.Students will note down each and every point and ask queries to the teacher.

The Himalayas have also been divided on the basis of regions from west to east:

1. The part of Himalayas lying between Indus and Satluj has been traditionally known as Punjab Himalaya but it is also known regionally as Kashmir and Himachal Himalaya from west to east, respectively.

2. The part of the Himalayas lying between Satluj and Kali rivers is known as Kumaon Himalayas.

3. The Kali and Teesta rivers divide the Nepal Himalayas and the part lying between Teesta and Dihang rivers is known as Assam Himalayas..
Pupil teacher will dictate the content brieflyStudents will note down the points.

The Northern Plain

The northern plain has been formed by the interplay of the 3 major river systems – the Indus, the Ganga and the Brahmaputra along with their tributaries. It spreads over an area of 7 lakh sq. km.

The Northern Plain is broadly divided into 3 sections as mentioned below:

1. The Western part of the Northern Plain is referred to as the Punjab Plains. This plain is formed by the Indus and its tributaries – the Jhelum, the Chenab, the Ravi, the Beas and the Satluj.

2. The Ganga plain extends between Ghaggar and Teesta rivers. It is spread over the states of North India, Haryana, Delhi, U.P., Bihar, partly Jharkhand and West Bengal.

3. Brahmaputra plain lies in the state of Assam.
According to the variations in elevation points, the Northern plains can be divided into 4 regions.
The rivers, after descending from the mountains, deposit pebbles in a narrow belt of about 8 to 16 km in width lying parallel to the slopes of the Shiwaliks, which is known as bhabar.

The streams and rivers re-emerge and create a wet, swampy and marshy region known as terai.
The largest part of the northern plain is formed of older alluvium.

The soil in the bhangar region contains calcareous deposits and is known as 
kankar. The newer, younger deposits of the floodplains are called khadar.
P.T will explain about the divisions of Northern plains.Students will see the charts and then try to relate the points with the chart.

The Peninsular Plateau

The Peninsular plateau is a tableland composed of the old crystalline, igneous and metamorphic rocks. Peninsular plateau is the black soil area known as Deccan Trap.

This plateau consists of 2 divisions:

1. The Central Highlands
2. The Deccan Plateau

The Western Ghats and the Eastern Ghats mark the western and the eastern edges of the Deccan Plateau respectively.
P.T will tell about Peninsular Plateau and its divisions.Students are listening carefully

The Indian Desert

The Indian desert lies towards the western margins of the Aravali Hills.

It is a sandy plain covered with sand dunes.
This region receives very low rainfall below 150 mm per year.

It has a dry climate with low vegetation cover.
P.T will tell about Indian Desert and Coastal plains.Students will note down each and every point.

The Coastal Plains

A coastal plain is a flat, low-lying piece of land next to the ocean.

Eastern Coastal Plain

The Eastern Coastal Plains is a wide stretch of the landmass lying between the Eastern Ghats and the Bay of Bengal. In the northern part, it is referred to as the Northern Circar, while the southern part is known as the Coromandel Coast

Western Coastal Plain

The western coast is sandwiched between the Western Ghats and the Arabian Sea.
The northern part of the coast is called the Konkan (Mumbai – Goa)
The central stretch is called the Kannad Plain
The southern stretch is referred to as the Malabar coast

The Islands

An island is a piece of sub-continental land that is surrounded by water.

The entire group of islands is divided into 2 broad categories:

1. The Andaman in the north
2. The Nicobar in the south

The diverse physical features of India have immense future possibilities of development because of the following reasons:

1. The mountains are the major sources of water and forest wealth.

2. The northern plains are the granaries of the country.

3. The plateau is a storehouse of minerals, which has played a crucial role in the industrialisation of India.

4. The coastal region and island groups provide sites for fishing and port act
P.T will tell the categories of Islands.

P.T will conclude the chapter by telling the diverse physical features of India.
Students are taking interest and not down the content.
Students are listening carefully.


Well students, today we have learnt about Physical Features of India.


The pupil-teacher evaluates the students by asking some questions:

1. What is Bhabar?

2. Name the three major divisions of the Himalayas from north to south?

3. Name the island group of India having coral origin?

4. Give an account of the Northern plains of India.


1. Differentiate between Bhangar and Khadar.

2. Distinguish between Western and Eastern Ghats.

3. Write a short note on The island groups of India.

INDIA Size And Location Lesson Plan PDF/Images

Page 1 (Presentation Of The Lesson Plan)

PHYSICAL FEATURES OF INDIA Lesson Plan Class 9 Group Of Tuors
Page 2 (The Himalayan Mountains)
PHYSICAL FEATURES OF INDIA Lesson Plan Class 9 Group Of Tuors

Pg 3 (The Northern Plains)

PHYSICAL FEATURES OF INDIA Lesson Plan Class 9 Group Of Tuors

Page 4 (The Peninsular Plains)

PHYSICAL FEATURES OF INDIA Lesson Plan Class 9 Group Of Tuors

Page 5 (The Coastal Plains)

PHYSICAL FEATURES OF INDIA Lesson Plan Class 9 Group Of Tuors

Pg 6 (The Islands)

SST Geography Lesson Plan Class 9 Group Of Tutors

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